It has recently been estimated that among high-net-worth individuals, approximately 33 percent of their portfolios are currently made up of real estate holdings. Among those, a large percentage is made up of private real estate equity, typically including properties that the individuals are involved in managing on a daily basis, even if they have hired a professional management company to do the dirty work.

However, there is still a high demand for hands-off real estate equity investments. Many investors with large amounts of capital looking to diversify into significant real estate holdings are having trouble because there has previously been no middle ground between outright private ownership and the completely passive investing experience offered by real estate investment trusts, also known as REITs.

Many people simply don’t have the time, skillset or the inclination to jump headlong into managing commercial properties, even if the majority of tasks can be effectively delegated. That has left those with significant investment capital who would like to diversify into real estate grappling with the many shortfalls of REITs, at least until now.

Private real estate equity firms are gaining in popularity, and these firms have some huge advantages over REITs. The types of properties that typically make up a private equity real estate portfolio are office buildings, industrial properties, retail shops and multifamily apartment buildings. There are also specialized investments such as elderly and college dormitory housing, hotels, self-storage units and medical buildings, to name a few.

One of the reasons that people are drawn to this type of investing is that private real estate equity companies don’t suffer from the immense pressures that REITs are under to produce dividends. This means that they are under no obligation to quickly acquire properties when they are cash-rich but property-poor. A private real estate equity firm can sit on a pile of cash for as long as it chooses to do so. And this means that the well-run variants of this company structure never have to make questionable purchases in overbought markets. It also means that they can hoard cash, optimally positioning themselves to pounce when genuine market opportunities arise.

Additionally, REITs have become notorious for consuming large amounts of the funds’ capital through fees and costs. This has caused a steep decline in the amount of money being invested in the REIT market. Private real estate equity firms, on the other hand, can often maintain high levels of both vertical and horizontal integration, keeping all management, maintenance and construction functions in-house. This can dramatically reduce the costs associated with middlemen and outsourcing.

This article was originally published on http://matthewgorelik.co


The Problem With Intangible Investments

A new book called “Capitalism Without Capital” deals with a new form of capital allocation, intangible investments. Recently, the book was broken down by HuffPost Contributor Glenn C. Altschuler. Here’s what he had to say!

While intangible investments were once a primarily positive force in the economy, driving such innovations as the internet and jet airline travel, as the government has stepped back from its role in funding primary research and development, intangible investments have become an economic spoiler to some extent.

Intangible investments in the age of unlimited communications

At their core, intangible investments can be described as any form of produced knowledge or training that has a clear associated cost and that cannot be included in the realm of formal intellectual property. Examples of intangible investments include things like training company employees in a new manufacturing technique or developing a new product that is innovative but too broadly defined to be patentable.

The four major characteristics of intangible investments are scalability, a tendency towards the imposition of sunken costs, spillover effects, and creation of synergies. The problem arises when extremely expensive processes need to be funded to effectively innovate, but there are few or no borders designed to keep those investments from being pillaged by competitors.

This phenomenon, known as spillover effect, can be demonstrated by examining the development of the CT Scan. While some of the core technology required for the first CT scanners to function was patentable, the concept of a machine that used software to greatly enhance radiographic images was entirely too nebulous for the same.

As a result, the original company funding the development of the CT scan ended up being a minor player, receiving only small licensing fees on narrow proprietary technologies, in a multi-billion-dollar industry. Tech giants like General Electric and Siemens already possessed the necessary space and scalability to become the dominant players in the field and, because it’s near impossible to patent an intangible idea, they were able to circumvent any legal repercussions simply by “inventing around” an idea.

The above example also illustrates the problems that scalability and synergies create for any firm that is not a veritable industrial powerhouse. Siemens and General Electric had the capital on hand to immediately scale up to a size where both costs were significantly lowered and the barrier to entry into the business was made virtually insurmountable. At the same time, they were able to use their prior expertise to quickly outstrip the capabilities of the original CT scanners.

Authors Jonathan Haskel and Stian Westlake close by calling for change. They posit that intangible ideas and their investment environment can only be secured if we “encourage trust and strong institutions, expand opportunity, reduce inequality and social conflict, and check powerful corporations.”

This article was originally posted on http://matthewgorelik.co


Matthew Gorelik - Angel Investors Blog Header

First published on MatthewGorelik.co

Angel investors usually invest in innovative entrepreneurs and promising small startup companies. Although early investors in a startup company tend to be close friends and family members, professional and everyday investors are often willing to invest seed capital in promising companies that are likely to attract additional investment. Angel investors are a good source of one-time capital infusions to help launch or maintain the financial stability of a fledgling company.

Seed Capital

Angel investors typically take a long-term approach to investing by providing favorable interest rates on capital loans. This allows aspiring entrepreneurs to focus on the development of a product or service. Unlike traditional lenders and venture capitalists, angel investors focus on the future prospects of a startup company rather than existing income and assets. Angel investors focus on helping entrepreneurs succeed in exchange for an ownership stake, convertible debt or company equity. An angel investor may be identified by any of the following terms:

  • Informal investors
  • Angel funders
  • Private investors
  • Seed investors
  • Business angels

The angel investing concept actually began on Broadway. Wealthy patrons of the arts invested in promising theatrical productions. Now affluent angel investors employ a variety of financial vehicles to pool capital and inject money into innovative companies, including investment networks and online crowdfunding platforms. Angel investors are required to meet the Securities and Exchange Commission’s accreditation standards. SEC standards require a minimum annual income of $200,000 and a minimum net worth of $1 million to become an angel investor.

Angel Investing

Angel investing has accelerated in recent years. Widely publicized success stories such as Facebook, WhatsApp and Uber have propelled angel investing to unimagined heights.

Outsized Returns

Although angel investors may be hoping for outsized returns, most experienced angels are searching for entrepreneurial passion, dedication, concept quality, market opportunity, potential growth and personal integrity. Angel investors typically invest between $25,000 and $100,000. A clearly defined business plan and initial signs of success are important aspects of attracting angel investment capital. Intellectual property rights and the development of innovative technologies are especially attractive.

Angels are looking for a reasonable company valuation, favorable terms and the prospect of raising additional capital.

From the standpoint of an aspiring entrepreneur, raising capital is time-consuming and demanding. Angel investors are seeking answers to fundamental financial questions. The amount of capital to be raised, detailed financial projections and the anticipated monthly financial burn rate are only the beginning of what will be necessary to attract angel investors and the crucial seed capital that aspiring startup companies require.